Determining Labour Shortages and the Need for Labour Migration from Third Countries in the EU

National labour migration policy is only indirectly linked to shortage occupations at present. The tool of using labour market test as well as exempting certain categories from such requirement is therefore considered as an indirect link to shortage occupations. Based on the checking of available national or EU work force for the given position it is presumed that foreign work force is primarily admitted in occupations where no national labour force could be found in the long run.